Donning almost nothing but a mawashi (loincloth), two greater-than-existence opponents encounter every other in a dohyo (wrestling ring) to drive, wrestle or toss every other out of the ring. This is the simple definition of sumo wrestling but, like any other generations old Japanese custom, the “why” and the “how” is more significant than the “what”.
Sumo has been performed the similar way given that the Edo Time period (early 1600’s) and nonetheless retains the rituals and methods made in individuals early many years. The rikishi (wrestlers) even don their hair in a topknot – the hairstyle typical of samurai in the Edo period of time. the umpires and referee don elaborate kimono-fashion garb that depicts their knowledge ranking. In advance of every bout, equally wrestlers toss salt into the ring simply because the dohyo is a sacred area. Immediately after every day’s match, a reduce rated wrestler closes the party by performing the yumitori-shiki (bow dance).
Sumo wrestling bouts are fast – some long lasting only a few seconds – and incredibly rigorous, with a collection of three “stare down” apply starts that the wrestlers use to intimidate their opponent. These qualified athletes weigh in at 300-four hundred lbs ., but follow a stringent regiment of teaching and nutrition that produces an athlete of great toughness. Wrestlers grapple at every other with their bare arms and use a vary of moves that need precision, timing, and equilibrium to triumph.
Just about every year, 6 basho (tournaments) are held in 4 various metropolitan areas in Japan, every long lasting 15 times. A wrestler’s ranking adjustments relying on his efficiency in the tournament, with the leading ranking, identified as yokozuna, bestowed on only 1 or two wrestlers at a time.
For generations sumo wrestlers were solely of Japanese delivery. In the last two decades, overseas wrestlers have begun to compete in bigger figures and have gained leading rankings. At the moment there are 60 non-Japanese skilled sumo wrestlers out of a overall of seven-hundred. China, Russia and quite a few other Eastern European countries have created an remarkable exhibiting not too long ago, but in the 1990’s two American wrestlers — Konishiki and Akebono (equally from Hawaii)– were the 1st to arrive at the yokozuna rank.